Type: integer
Default: 1600000000
Min: 0
Max: 2100000000
Context: user
Restart: false
Since: 14

Specifies the maximum age (in transactions) that a table's pg_class.relfrozenxid field can attain before VACUUM takes extraordinary measures to avoid system-wide transaction ID wraparound failure. This is VACUUM's strategy of last resort. The failsafe typically triggers when an autovacuum to prevent transaction ID wraparound has already been running for some time, though it's possible for the failsafe to trigger during any VACUUM.

When the failsafe is triggered, any cost-based delay that is in effect will no longer be applied, further non-essential maintenance tasks (such as index vacuuming) are bypassed, and any Buffer Access Strategy in use will be disabled resulting in VACUUM being free to make use of all of shared buffers.

The default is 1.6 billion transactions. Although users can set this value anywhere from zero to 2.1 billion, VACUUM will silently adjust the effective value to no less than 105% of autovacuum_freeze_max_age.